Grid system

Vue Bootstrap 5 Grid system

Bootstrap grid is a powerful system for building mobile-first layouts. It's very extensive tool with a great number of options. Below we present you the core knowledge. It's a simplified overview of the most commonly used examples.


Basic example

Bootstrap’s grid system uses a series of containers, rows, and columns to layout and align content. It’s built with flexbox and is fully responsive. Below is an example and an in-depth explanation for how the grid system comes together.

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns

          <template>
            <MDBContainer>
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </MDBContainer>
          </template>
        

          <script>
            import { MDBCol, MDBRow, MDBContainer} from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';

            export default {
              components: {
                MDBCol,
                MDBRow,
                MDBContainer
              },
            };
          </script>
        

The above example creates three equal-width columns across all devices and viewports using our predefined grid classes. Those columns are centered in the page with the parent MDBContainer.

Taking it step by step:

Container

Bootstrap requires a containing element to wrap site contents and house our grid system. Without a container, the grid won't work properly.

Row

Rows create horizontal groups of columns. Therefore, if you want to split your layout horizontally, use MDBRow.

Columns

Bootstrap's grid system allows up to 12 columns across the page.

grid

We use MDBCol to create a column. You can customize columns with properties, e.g. md="*" , where * specifies the number of columns between 1 and 12.

Attribute md specifies the breakpoint where the columns change its width.

Attribute md means "screen ≥768px", so in the example below the columns will stretch to 100% of the width on the screens smaller or equal 768px.


How it works

Breaking it down, here’s how the grid system comes together:

  • Our grid supports six responsive breakpoints. Breakpoints are based on min-width media queries, meaning they affect that breakpoint and all those above it (e.g., sm="4" applies to sm, md, lg, xl, and xxl). This means you can control container and column sizing and behavior by each breakpoint.

  • Containers center and horizontally pad your content. Use MDBCol for a responsive pixel width, property fluid for width: 100% across all viewports and devices, or a responsive container (e.g., property md) for combination of fluid and pixel widths.

  • Rows are wrappers for columns. Each column has horizontal padding (called a gutter) for controlling the space between them. This padding is then counteracted on the rows with negative margins to ensure the content in your columns is visually aligned down the left side. Rows also support modifier classes to uniformly apply column sizing and gutter classes to change the spacing of your content.

  • Columns are incredibly flexible. There are 12 template columns available per row, allowing you to create different combinations of elements that span any number of columns. Column classes indicate the number of template columns to span (e.g., col="4" spans four). widths are set in percentages so you always have the same relative sizing.

  • Gutters are also responsive and customizable. Gutter classes are available across all breakpoints, with all the same sizes as our margin and padding spacing. Change horizontal gutters with .gx-* classes, verical gutters with .gy-*, or all gutters with .g-* classes. .g-0 is also availble to remove gutters.

  • Sass variables, maps, and mixins power the grid. If you don’t want to use the predefined grid classes in Bootstrap, you can use our grid’s source Sass to create your own with more semantic markup. We also include some CSS custom properties to consume these Sass variables for even greater flexibility for you.


Most common examples

A few of the most common grid layout examples to get you familiar with building within the Bootstrap grid system.

Five grid tiers

There are five tiers to the Bootstrap grid system, one for each range of devices we support. Each tier starts at a minimum viewport size and automatically applies to the larger devices unless overridden.

col="4"
col="4"
col="4"
sm="4"
sm="4"
sm="4"
md="4"
md="4"
md="4"
lg="4"
lg="4"
lg="4"
xl="4"
xl="4"
xl="4"

            <template>
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol col="4">col="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="4">col="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="4">col="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
  
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol sm="4">sm="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol sm="4">sm="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol sm="4">sm="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
  
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
  
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol lg="4">lg="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol lg="4">lg="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol lg="4">lg="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
  
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol xl="4">xl="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol xl="4">xl="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol xl="4">xl="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Three equal columns

Get three equal-width columns starting at desktops and scaling to large desktops. On mobile devices, tablets and below, the columns will automatically stack.

md="4"
md="4"
md="4"

            <template>
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Three unequal columns

Get three columns starting at desktops and scaling to large desktops of various widths. Remember, grid columns should add up to twelve for a single horizontal block. More than that, and columns start stacking no matter the viewport.

md="3"
md="6"
md="3"

            <template>
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol md="3">md="3"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="6">md="6"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="3">md="3"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Two columns

Get two columns starting at desktops and scaling to large desktops.

md="8"
md="4"

            <template>
              <MDBRow class="row">
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="8">md="8"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Two columns with two nested columns

Per the documentation, nesting is easy—just put a row of columns within an existing column. This gives you two columns starting at desktops and scaling to large desktops, with another two (equal widths) within the larger column.

At mobile device sizes, tablets and down, these columns and their nested columns will stack.

md="8"
md="6"
md="6"
md="4"

            <template>
              <MDBRow class="row">
                <MDBCol md="8">
                  <div class="pb-3">md="8"</div>
                  <MDBRow>
                    <MDBCol md="6">md="6"</MDBCol>
                    <MDBCol md="6">md="6"</MDBCol>
                  </MDBRow>
                </MDBCol>
                <MDBCol md="4">md="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Mixed: mobile and desktop

The Bootstrap v5 grid system has five tiers of classes: xs (extra small, this class infix is not used), sm (small), md (medium), lg (large), and xl (extra large). You can use nearly any combination of these classes as a component property to create more dynamic and flexible layouts.

Each tier of classes scales up, meaning if you plan on setting the same widths for md, lg and xl, you only need to specify md.

md="8"
col="6" md="4"
col="6" md="4"
col="6" md="4"
col="6" md="4"
col="6"
col="6"

            <template>
              <MDBRow class="mb-3">
                <MDBCol md="8">md="8"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" md="4">col="6" md="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
              <MDBRow class="mb-3">
                <MDBCol col="6" md="4">col="6" md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" md="4">col="6" md="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" md="4">col="6" md="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
              <MDBRow class="row">
                <MDBCol col="6">col="6"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6">col="6"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Mixed: mobile, tablet, and desktop

sm="6" lg="8"
col="6" lg="4"
col="6" sm="4"
col="6" sm="4"
col="6" sm="4"

            <template>
              <MDBRow class="mb-3">
                <MDBCol sm="6" lg="8">sm="6" lg="8"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" lg="4">col="6" lg="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol col="6" sm="4">col="6" sm="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" sm="4">col="6" sm="4"</MDBCol>
                <MDBCol col="6" sm="4">col="6" sm="4"</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </template>
          

            <script>
              import { MDBCol, MDBRow } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
  
              export default {
                components: {
                  MDBCol,
                  MDBRow              
                },
              };
            </script>
          

Containers

Additional properties added to MDBContainer allow containers that are 100% wide until a particular breakpoint.

(100% width below 540px)
sm (100% width below 540px)
md (100% width below 720px)
lg (100% width below 960px)
xl (100% width below 1140px)
xxl (100% width below 1320px)
fluid (always 100% width)

          <template>
            <MDBContainer>(100% width below 540px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer sm>sm (100% width below 540px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer md>md (100% width below 720px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer lg>lg (100% width below 960px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer xl>xl (100% width below 1140px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer xxl>xxl (100% width below 1320px)</MDBContainer>
            <MDBContainer fluid>fluid (always 100% width)</MDBContainer>
          </template>
        

          <script>
            import { MDBContainer } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';

            export default {
              components: {
                MDBContainer
              },
            };
          </script>
        

Grid system - API


Import


        import { MDBContainer, MDBRow, MDBCol } from 'mdb-vue-ui-kit';
      

Properties

Containers

Name Type Default Description Example
tag String 'div' Defines tag of the MDBContainer element <MDBContainer tag="section" />
sm Boolean 'false' Defines max-width of the container at sm responsive breakpoint <MDBContainer sm />
md Boolean 'false' Defines max-width of the container at md responsive breakpoint <MDBContainer md />
lg Boolean 'false' Defines max-width of the container at lg responsive breakpoint <MDBContainer lg />
xl Boolean 'false' Defines max-width of the container at xl responsive breakpoint <MDBContainer xl />
fluid Boolean 'false' Sets container element to have 100% width at all breakpoints <MDBContainer fluid />

Rows

Name Type Default Description Example
tag String 'div' Defines tag of the MDBRow element <MDBRow tag="section" />
start Boolean 'false' Pack content in the row element from the start <MDBRow start />
end Boolean 'false' Pack content in the row element from the end <MDBRow end />
center Boolean 'false' Pack content in the row element around the center <MDBRow center />
between Boolean 'false' Distribute content in the row element evenly. The first item is flush with the start, the last is flush with the end <MDBRow between />
around Boolean 'false' Distribute content in the row element evenly. Items have a hals-size space on either end <MDBRow around />
cols String / Array '' Allows to use row-cols specific attributes. <MDBRow cols="2" /> <MDBRow cols="[2, lg-5]" />

Columns

Name Type Default Description Example
tag String 'div' Defines tag of the MDBCol element <MDBCol tag="section" />
col String '' Defines width of the element by the number of columns it takes <MDBCol col="4" />
sm String '' Defines width of the element by the number of columns it takes until sm breakpoint is reached <MDBCol col="4" sm="3" />
md String '' Defines width of the element by the number of columns it takes until md breakpoint is reached <MDBCol col="4" md="3" />
lg String '' Defines width of the element by the number of columns it takes until lg breakpoint is reached <MDBCol col="4" lg="3" />
xl String '' Defines width of the element by the number of columns it takes until xl breakpoint is reached <MDBCol col="4" xl="3" />
offset String '' Defines offset of the element from the other element measured in columns <MDBCol col="4" offset="3" />
offsetSm String '' Defines offset of the element from the other element for sm breakpoint measured in columns <MDBCol col="4" offsetSm="3" />
offsetMd String '' Defines offset of the element from the other element for sm breakpoint measured in columns <MDBCol col="4" offsetMd="3" />
offsetLg String '' Defines offset of the element from the other element for sm breakpoint measured in columns <MDBCol col="4" offsetLg="3" />
auto Boolean 'false' Sets column element to have width based on the free space of the row <MDBCol auto />