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React Bootstrap Grid system

React Grid system - Bootstrap 4 & Material Design

Use the powerful responsive flexbox grid to build layouts of all shapes and sizes thanks to a twelve column system, five default responsive tiers, and dozens of predefined classes.


How it works

MDBReact grid system uses a series of components: Rows, Containers and Columns to layout and align content. It’s built with flexbox and is fully responsive. Below is an example and an in-depth look at how the grid comes together.

New to or unfamiliar with flexbox? Read our CSS flexbox guide.

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns


        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>


      

        .col {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
        }
      

The above example creates three equal-width columns on small, medium, large, and extra large devices using our predefined grid classes. Those columns are centered in the page with the parent Containercomponent.

Breaking it down, here’s how it works:

  • Containers provide a means to center your site’s contents. Use <MDBContainer> component for fixed width or <MDBContainer fluid > for width: 100% across all viewport and device sizes.
  • Rows are wrappers for columns. Each MDBCol has horizontal padding (called a gutter) for controlling the space between them. This padding is then counteracted on the rows with negative margins. This way, all the content in your columns is visually aligned down the left side.
  • In a grid layout, content must be placed within MDBCol and only MDBCol may be immediate children of MDBRow.
  • Thanks to flexbox, Columns without a specified width will automatically layout as equal width Columns. For example, four instances of will each automatically be 25% wide from the small breakpoint and up. See the auto-layout columns section for more examples.
  • Column props indicate the number of columns you’d like to use out of the possible 12 per row. So, if you want three equal-width columns, you can use .
  • MDBCol widths are set in percentages, so they’re always fluid and sized relative to their parent element.
  • MDBCol have horizontal padding to create the gutters between individual columns, however, you can remove the margin from MDBRow and padding from MDBCol with .no-gutters className on the MDBRow.
  • To make the grid responsive, there are five grid breakpoints, one for each responsive breakpoint: all breakpoints (extra small), small, medium, large, and extra large.
  • Grid breakpoints are based on minimum width media queries, meaning they apply to that one breakpoint and all those above it (e.g., applies to small, medium, large, and extra large devices, but not the first xs breakpoint).
  • You can use predefined grid classes (like ).

Be aware of the limitations and bugs around flexbox, like the inability to use some HTML elements as flex containers.


Auto-layout columns

Equal-width

For example, here are two grid layouts that apply to every device and viewport, from xs to xl. Add any number of and every column will be the same width.

1 of 2
1 of 2
1 of 3
1 of 3
1 of 3

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>1 of 2</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>2 of 2</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>1 of 3</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>2 of 3</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>3 of 3</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .col {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
        }
      

Equal-width <MDBCol>can be broken into multiple lines.

Column
Column
Column
Column

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>Column</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>Column</MDBCol>
            <div className="w-100" />
            <MDBCol>Column</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>Column</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .col {
          padding: 1rem;
          background-color: #33b5e5;
          border: 2px solid #fff;
          color: #fff;
          text-align: center;
        }
      

Setting one column width

You can set the width of one <MDBCol> and have the sibling <MDBCol> components automatically resize around it.

1 of 3
2 of 3 (wider)
3 of 3
1 of 3
2 of 3 (wider)
3 of 3

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>1 of 3</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6">2 of 3 (wider)</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>3 of 3</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>1 of 3</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="5">2 of 3 (wider)</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>3 of 3</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .col,
        .col-6,
        .col-5 {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
        }

      

Equal-width multi-row

Create equal-width <MDBCol> that span multiple rows by inserting a

where you want the columns to break to a new line. Make the breaks responsive by mixing the .w-100 with some responsive display utilities.

col
col
col
col

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
            <div className="w-100" />
            <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .col {
          padding: 1rem;
          background-color: #33b5e5;
          border: 2px solid #fff;
          color: #fff;
          text-align: center;
        }
      

Responsive classes

MDBReact grid includes five tiers of props for building complex responsive layouts. Customize the size of your <MDBCol> on extra small, small, medium, large, or extra large devices however you see fit.

All breakpoints

For grids that are the same from the smallest of devices to the largest, use the size prop. Specify a value when you need a particularly sized column; otherwise, feel free ommit it.

col
col
col
col
col-8
col-4


      <MDBContainer>
        <MDBRow>
          <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
          <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
          <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
          <MDBCol>col</MDBCol>
        </MDBRow>
        <MDBRow>
          <MDBCol size="8">col-8</MDBCol>
          <MDBCol size="4">col-4</MDBCol>
        </MDBRow>
      </MDBContainer>

    

      .col,
      .col-8,
      .col-4 {
      padding: 1rem;
      background-color: #33b5e5;
      border: 2px solid #fff;
      color: #fff;
      text-align: center;
      }

    

Stacked to horizontal

Using a single set of sm classes, you can create a basic grid system that starts out stacked before becoming horizontal on desktop (medium) devices.

col-sm-8
col-sm-4
col-sm
col-sm
col-sm

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol sm="8">col-sm-8</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol sm="4">col-sm-4</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol size="sm">col-sm</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="sm">col-sm</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="sm">col-sm</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Mix and match

Don’t want your <MDBCol> to simply stack in some grid tiers? Use a combination of different props for each tier as needed. See the example below for a better idea of how it all works.

.col .col-md-8
.col-6 .col-md-4
.col-6 .col-md-4
.col-6 .col-md-4
.col-6 .col-md-4
.col-6
.col-6


        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="8">
              .col .col-md-8
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6" md="4">
              .col-6 .col-md-4
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol size="6" md="4">
              .col-6 .col-md-4
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6" md="4">
              .col-6 .col-md-4
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6" md="4">
              .col-6 .col-md-4
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol size="6">
              .col-6
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6">
              .col-6
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>

      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Alignment

Use MDBReact alignment utilities to vertically and horizontally align columns.

Vertical alignment

For grids that are the same from the smallest of devices to the largest, use the .col and .col-* classes. Specify a numbered class when you need a particularly sized column; otherwise, feel free to stick to .col.

Align items start

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns

Align items center

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns

Align items end

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow top>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow middle>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow bottom>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol>One of three columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Algin self

One of three columns
One of three columns
One of three columns

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol top>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol middle>One of three columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol bottom>One of three columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>

      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Horizontal alignment

One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns
One of two columns


        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow start>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow center>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow end>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow around>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow between>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="4">One of two columns</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>

      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

No gutters

The gutters between columns in our predefined grid classes can be removed with .no-gutters. This removes the negative margins from <MDBRow> and the horizontal padding from all immediate children <MDBCol>.

Need an edge-to-edge design? Remove the parent <MDBContainer> or <MDBContainer fluid> component.

Column wrapping

If more than 12 columns are placed within a single row, each group of extra columns will, as one unit, wrap onto a new line.

.col-9
.col-4
Since 9 + 4 = 13 > 12, this 4-column-wide div gets wrapped onto a new line as one contiguous unit.
.col-6
Subsequent columns continue along the new line.

          <MDBContainer>
            <MDBRow>
              <MDBCol size="9">
                .col-9
              </MDBCol>
              <MDBCol size="4">
                .col-4
                <br /> Since 9 + 4 = 13 > 12, this 4-column-wide div gets wrapped onto a new line as one contiguous unit.
              </MDBCol>
              <MDBCol size="6">
                .col-6
                <br /> Subsequent columns continue along the new line.

              </MDBCol>
            </MDBRow>
          </MDBContainer>
          

            .row > div {
            padding: 1rem;
            background-color: #33b5e5;
            border: 2px solid #fff;
            color: #fff;
            text-align: center;
          }
                

Column breaks

Breaking columns to a new line in flexbox requires a small hack: add an element with width: 100% wherever you want to wrap your columns to a new line. Normally this is accomplished with multiple <MDBRow>s, but not every implementation method can account for this.

.col-6 .col-sm-4
.col-6 .col-sm-4
.col-6 .col-sm-4
.col-6 .col-sm-4

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol size="6" sm="4">
              .col-6 .col-sm-4
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6" sm="4">
              .col-6 .col-sm-4
            </MDBCol>
            <div className="w-100"></div>
            <MDBCol size="6" sm="4">
              .col-6 .col-sm-4
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="6" sm="4">
              .col-6 .col-sm-4
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>

      

Reordering

Order classes

Use .order- classes for controlling the visual order of your content. These classes are responsive, so you can set the order by breakpoint (e.g., .order-1.order-md-2). Includes support for 1 through 12 across all five grid tiers.

First, but unordered
Second, but last
Third, but second

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol>First, but unordered</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol className="order-12">Second, but last</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol className="order-1">Third, but second</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

There are also responsive .order-first and .order-last classes that change the order of an element by applying order: -1 and order: 13 ( order: $columns + 1), respectively. These classes can also be intermixed with the numbered .order-* classes as needed.

First, but last
Second, but unordered
Third, but first

          <MDBContainer>
            <MDBRow>
              <MDBCol>First, but unordered</MDBCol>
              <MDBCol> Second, but unordered</MDBCol>
              <MDBCol className="order-first">Third, but first</MDBCol>
            </MDBRow>
          </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Offsetting columns

You can offset <MDBCol> in two ways: our responsive .offset- grid classes and our margin utilities. Grid classes are sized to match columns while margins are more useful for quick layouts where the width of the offset is variable.

Offset classes

Move columns to the right using .offset-md-* classes. These classes increase the left margin of a column by * columns. For example, .offset-md-4 moves .col-md-4 over four columns.

.col-md-4
.col-md-4 .offset-md-4
.col-md-3 .offset-md-3
.col-md-3 .offset-md-3
.col-md-6 .offset-md-3

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="4">.col-md-4</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol md="4" className="offset-md-4">
              .col-md-4 .offset-md-4
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="3" className="offset-md-3">
              .col-md-3 .offset-md-3
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol md="3" className="offset-md-3">
              .col-md-3 .offset-md-3
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="6" className="offset-md-3">.col-md-6 .offset-md-3</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

In addition to column clearing at responsive breakpoints, you may need to reset offsets. See this in action:

.col-sm-5 .col-md-6
.col-sm-5 .offset-sm-2 .col-md-6 .offset-md-0
.col .col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .col-lg-6
.col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .offset-md-2 .col-lg-6 .offset-lg-0

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol sm="5" md="6">
              .col-sm-5 .col-md-6
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol sm="5" md="6" className="offset-sm-2 offset-md-0">
              .col-sm-5 .offset-sm-2 .col-md-6 .offset-md-0
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>

          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol sm="6" md="5" lg="6">
              .col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .col-lg-6
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol sm="6" md="5" lg="6" className="offset-md-2 offset-lg-0">
              .col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .offset-md-2 .col-lg-6 .offset-lg-0
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

Margin utilities

You can use margin utilities like .mr-auto to force sibling <MDBCol> away from one another.

.col-md-4
.col-md-4 .ml-auto
.col-md-3 .ml-md-auto
.col-md-3 .ml-md-auto
.col-auto .mr-auto
.col-auto

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="4">.col-md-4</MDBCol>
            <MDBCol md="4" className="ml-auto">
              .col-md-4 .ml-auto
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol md="3" className="ml-md-auto">
              .col-md-3 .ml-md-auto
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol md="3" className="ml-md-auto">
              .col-md-3 .ml-md-auto
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol size="auto" className="mr-auto">
              .col-auto .mr-auto
            </MDBCol>
            <MDBCol size="auto">.col-auto</MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
        }
      

Nesting

To nest your content with the default grid, add a new <MDBRow> and set of <MDBCol> columns within an existing <MDBCol> column. Nested rows should include a set of columns that add up to 12 or fewer (it is not required that you use all 12 available columns).

Level 1: .col-sm-9
Level 2: .col-8 .col-sm-6
Level 2: .col-4 .col-sm-6

        <MDBContainer>
          <MDBRow>
            <MDBCol sm="9">
              Level 1: .col-sm-9
              <MDBRow>
                <MDBCol size="8" sm="6"></MDBCol>
                <MDBCol size="4" sm="6">Level 2: .col-4 .col-sm-6</MDBCol>
              </MDBRow>
            </MDBCol>
          </MDBRow>
        </MDBContainer>
      

        .row > div {
        padding: 1rem;
        background-color: #33b5e5;
        border: 2px solid #fff;
        color: #fff;
        text-align: center;
      }
      

React Gid System - API

In this section you will find advanced information about React Gid System. You will find out which modules are required, what are the possibilities of configuring, and what events and methods you can use in working with it.


Grid system import statement

In order to use Grid system components make sure you have imported proper modules first.


            import { MDBContainer, MDBRow, MDBCol } from 'mdbreact';
        

API Reference: MDBContainer Properties

The table below shows the configuration options of the MDBContainer component.

Name Type Default Description Example
className String Adds custom classes <MDBContainer className="myClass" ... />
fluid Boolean Use for a full width container, spanning the entire width of your viewport. <MDBContainer fluid ... />

API Reference: MDBRow Properties

The table below shows the configuration options of the MDBRow component.

Name Type Default Description Example
around Boolean Changes alignment of items within MDBRow component. It distributes space around direct childrens <MDBRow around ... />
between Boolean Changes alignment of items within MDBRow component. It distributes space between direct childrens <MDBRow between ... />
bottom Boolean Changes alignment of MDBRow whitin a container. MDBRow is placed at the end <MDBRow bottom ... />
center Boolean Changes alignment of items within MDBRow component. It puts direct childrens around the center <MDBRow center ... />
className String Adds custom classes <MDBRow className="customClass" ... />
end Boolean Changes alignment of items within MDBRow component. It puts direct childrens at the end <MDBRow end ... />
middle Boolean Changes alignment of MDBRow whitin a container. MDBRow is placed around the center <MDBRow middle ... />
start Boolean Changes alignment of items within MDBRow component. It puts direct childrens at the start <MDBRow start ... />
tag String div <MDBRow tag="div" ... />
top Boolean Changes alignment of MDBRow whitin a container. MDBRow is placed at the start <MDBRow top ... />

API Reference: MDBCol Properties

The table below shows the configuration options of the MDBCol component.

Name Type Default Description Example
bottom Boolean Changes alignment of MDBCol whitin a row. MDBCol is placed at the end <MDBCol bottom ... />
className String Adds custom classes <MDBCol className="myClass" ... />
lg String Gives n equal-width columns starting at larger desctops. <MDBCol lg="4" ... />
md String Gives n equal-width columns starting at medium devices and scaling to large desktops. <MDBCol md="4" ... />
size String Indicates the number of columns you’d like to use out of the possible 12 per row <MDBCol size="4" ... />
sm String Gives n equal-width columns starting at small devices and scaling to large desktops. <MDBCol sm="4" ... />
middle Boolean Changes alignment of MDBCol whitin a row. MDBCol is placed around the center <MDBCol middle ... />
top Boolean Changes alignment of MDBCol whitin a row. MDBCol is placed at the start <MDBCol top ... />
xl String Gives n equal-width columns starting at extra larg devices. <MDBCol xl="4" ... />
xs String Gives n equal-width columns starting at extra small devices and scaling to large desktops. <MDBCol xs="4" ... />