Contact Form - NodeJS MDB Pro component

Bootstrap 5 Contact Form with Node.js

This is a step-by-step guide tutorial on how to easily create beautiful contact forms using the Bootstrap framework, JavaScript and NodeJS environment with Express server. It also covers validation of data, sending requests using AJAX and other form related topics.

For creating Contact Forms using PHP environment please follow the link

Final code for the Contact Form with NodeJS Starter you can find inside integrations folder of the MDB Advanced package


Prerequisites

Before starting the project make sure to install the following utilities:

  • Node LTS environment (12.x.x recomennded)
  • Express- setting the server
  • Express-validator - for validating the form
  • Nodemailer - for sending mails
  • Multer - for handling multiparts request (reading FormData)
  • Dotenv - for loading environment variables
  • Cors - for enabling CORS (Cross-origin resource sharing)

Within this tutorial we are using the Material Design for Bootstrap library, you can download it for free from here. Without the library, the form will still work — however it may look and behave differently. It's recommended to use this library along with the tutorial.


Form HTML

First, create basic contact form which will be our base for validating and sending data.

Contact us

Copy and paste the following HTML and JavaScript code into your file (e.g. index.html):

Rest of the frontend code for sending Contact Forms with NodeJS, such as validating form on frontend side or sending form with AJAX will be the same as in PHP Contact Form tutorial, therefore it will be discussed here only in NodeJS relate parts.


Create NodeJS server file

Create a new file called server.js inside your application's root directory.

If you haven't installed the express, nodemailer, body-parser and other necessary packages from the npm repository so far, do so immediately using the following command in your application terminal:

Having all set up, let's create our server. Paste following code into your file

This will import all necessary dependencies, initialize application as express instance, allows Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) for sending information between frontend and backend development servers and finally start the server. const upload = multer() and app.use(upload.none()) creates middlewarae for handling multiparts requests, which will allow to send contact form data using FormData object.

In this example we use app.use(upload.none()) to show how multipart request can be handled (with file upload turned off), however it is not recommended to use it global scope. In your production app use e.g. upload.any() for specific endpoints in which you expect to handle multipart requests.


Create file structure for mail sending server

Having the server set up you are ready to create a file structure for mail sending route and middleware. For the purposes of our course, it is not necessary, but in case you want to expand the functionality of our example, it is worth knowing what the file structure could looks like in applications using the NodeJS environment and Express server.

Create and read environment variables file

Firstly, create .env file inside your root directory. This file will contain all your private data used inside your NodeJS project. It's content for our purposes would look like this:

Example .env file for Gmail SMTP

Please note that we are using SMTP for Gmail here. If you would like to use another provider your HOST, PORT and PROVIDER would be different. Also if you would like to send test mails in development mode you may want to be interested in fake SMTP servers, e.g. Mailtrap. Also for production purposes it is recommended to use one of many SMTP providers.

Never publish your environment variable files. Include all your .env files inside .gitignore file when you publish your code.

Now add /config/index.js file that will read all your environment variables.

... and change your server.js file so the config can expose your variables to the server:

Also notice that we added app.use("/api", routes); which will use our router from the next section.


Create router and contact form routes.

Create /routes folder and inside it create two files. First index.js that will control all your project routes:

... and contact.routes.js file that will contain all your contact form related routes.

Thanks to express.Router({ mergeParams: true }) we can access the params from the parent router inside the child router. In our case creating router.post('/', ...) is equal to router.post('/contact', ...). This structure is very helpful in deep nested routes structure.

Our contact router is also using sendContactForm method from the contactController. Let's create this file.


Contact controller

Controllers are callbacks passed to the router methods which process request to the route and generate the response.

Create /controllers folder inside which you will create contact.controllers.js file. Controller for /contact route will look as follows:

Controller is based on a class instance for better scalability of the application. You could also use function based controller aswell.

Line 5 - const transporter = nodemailer.createTransport({ }) is used to create a function that takes the object containing the configuration of the transporter as a parameter. It is in this configuration that you define the host from which emails are sent port, authorization, and many other settings that are to be sent.

Line 14 - create class instance of the controller that, in this example will take request and response from the rserver as its constructor arguments.

Line 20 - declares sendContactForm method for handling POST method on /contact route.

Lines 22-33 - defines the mailOptions object that is sent to the sendMail() method of transporter. It is in this object that we define, to who the email is to be sent, from who, what is its subject, text, and to who the response in the email is to be addressed. In this object are many more options that you can use. You will find them here.

Lines 35-48 - Code responsible for sending the mail with the parameters defined inside mailOptions. Will send either success or failure response message to the frontend.


Create validating middleware

Middlewares are functions that have access to the server request and response objects. In our example we will create middleware function that will validate contact form data.

Create /middleware folder and inside it create validate.js file.

We are using here express-validator package that will help us validate request.body and if something is wrong provide server response with proper error message. If everything in the request is ok, next() function that will allow server to call next function (controller) is called.

Now update contact.routes.js file with our validator. Note that middleware function is added between the route and controller callback.


Run server

In your package.json file add script that will run your server:

You can also add start:dev script for development purposes that will restart your server anytime you make a change to the code. For that add nodemon package to your application.


Connect frontend form with backend server

To connect frontend contact form with backend server we will use AJAX.

Now it's time for you to run your backend server and frontend application and start sending your contact forms.

Informations provided above are just an example of implementation of sending contact forms using NodeJS server. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to post a question on our support forum.