JavaScript comments


JavaScript comments can be used to explain JavaScript code, and to make it more readable.

They can also be used to prevent execution, when testing alternative code.


Single Line Comments

Single line comments start with //.

Any text between // and the end of the line will be ignored by JavaScript (will not be executed).

This example uses a single-line comment before each code line:


                            // Change heading:
                            document.getElementById("myH").innerHTML = "My First Page";
                            // Change paragraph:
                            document.getElementById("myP").innerHTML = "My first paragraph.";
                      

This example uses a single line comment at the end of each line to explain the code:


                          var x = 5;      // Declare x, give it the value of 5
                          var y = x + 2;  // Declare y, give it the value of x + 2
                      

Multi-line Comments

Multi-line comments start with /* and end with */.

Any text between /* and */ will be ignored by JavaScript.

This example uses a multi-line comment (a comment block) to explain the code:


                          /*
                          The code below will change
                          the heading with id = "myH"
                          and the paragraph with id = "myP"
                          in my web page:
                          */
                          document.getElementById("myH").innerHTML = "My First Page";
                          document.getElementById("myP").innerHTML = "My first paragraph.";
                      

Using Comments to Prevent Execution

Using comments to prevent execution of code is suitable for code testing.

Adding // in front of a code line changes the code lines from an executable line to a comment.

This example uses // to prevent execution of one of the code lines:


                          //document.getElementById("myH").innerHTML = "My First Page";
                          document.getElementById("myP").innerHTML = "My first paragraph.";
                      

This example uses a comment block to prevent execution of multiple lines:


                          /*
                          document.getElementById("myH").innerHTML = "My First Page";
                          document.getElementById("myP").innerHTML = "My first paragraph.";
                          */
                      

Congratulations!

You have completed the first chapter of the JavaScript tutorial.

Before you start the next lesson in the JavaScript tutorial, we suggest you take the Bootstrap and Responsive Web Design tutorials.

In our opinion this is the best development path.

However, the decision is yours.


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About the author

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Michal Szymanski
Co-Founder at MDBootstrap & BrandFlow. Entrepreneur, web developer, UI/UX designer, marketing analyst. Dancer and nerd in one.